Feminism Debate Glossary

24 Feminism terms

biological difference
noun phrase
The way in which men and women are not the same, for example chromosomes, reproductive organs, and hormones.
Example: Their compartmentalisation of sex and gender was based on the reasoning that while sex is the unalterable BIOLOGICAL DIFFERENCE between males and females, gender refers to different roles society subscribes to men and women.
fr: différence biologique
economic empowerment
noun
The ability to make and act on decisions that involve the control over and allocation of financial resources
Example: At the local level, women formed multi-purpose organisations mostly engaged in savings and income-generating projects (Tripp, 2002:4-5); my view is that the nature of organising reflects their socio-economic conditions, as seen in the nature of women's organisations at the local level, most focused on the issue of ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT reflecting the level of poverty at the grassroots.
fr: Émancipation économique
empower
verb
Give someone the authority or power to do something.
Example: This impression is fortified by her organization and initiative in planning their escape; persuasive imperative verbs generate inspiration and energy allowing her to EMPOWER and fortify Dimmesdale with her own vigour; 'Preach!
fr: habiliter
equality
noun
The state of being equal, especially in status, rights, and opportunities.
Example: However, the status could be perceived as higher today due to our views on EQUALITY and our belief that women should be educated and involved in all elements that men can access.
fr: égalité
feminist
noun
Someone who advocates for women's rights on the basis of the equality of the sexes.
Example: Alfonsina Storni dedicated her younger years to FEMINIST movements.
fr: féministe
feminist movement
noun phrase
A series of political campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, maternity leave, equal pay, women's suffrage, sexual harassment, and sexual violence.
fr: mouvement féministe
feminist theory
noun
The extension of feminism into theoretical, fictional, or philosophical discourse, that aims to understand the nature of gender inequality.
Example: As a theory it shares a lot with FEMINIST THEORY (at least as far as its political aspects go) and to a certain degree Marxist archaeology.
fr: théorie féministe
gender
noun
Either of the two sexes (male and female), especially when considered with reference to social and cultural differences rather than biological ones. The term is also used more broadly to denote a range of identities that do not correspond to established ideas of male and female.
Example: Finally, GENDER implications that render Cecilia 'tragic' mainly concern how her beauty, and wanton behaviour are her downfall.
fr: le sexe
gender equality
noun
The state in which access to rights or opportunities is unaffected by gender.
Example: After all, we must be reminded that "women's participation in the public arena of the armed struggle is certainly no guarantee that women have finally penetrated into the public sphere of activities on a basis of GENDER EQUALITY ".
fr: égalité des sexes
inequality
noun
The lack of equality.
Example: The first two essays cover selection problems in panel data and the third essay analyzes income INEQUALITY in rural China.
fr: inégalité
man
noun
An adult human male.
Example: Solutions will be devised and tested based on methodologies of negotiation between MAN -made and natural systems and infrastructures.
fr: homme
Nineteenth Amendment
noun phrase
The constitutional prohibition against the states and the federal government from denying the right to vote to citizens of the United States on the basis of sex.
fr: Dix-neuvième amendement
pay gap
noun
The difference between the average pay of two different groups of people, for example men and women.
Example: This would affect the value of the mean salary of males and females, therefore to accurately look at whether there is a PAY GAP between the male and female employees, an analysis of beginning salary by employment category needs to be performed.
fr: écart de rémunération
prostitution
noun
The practice or ocaupation of engaging in sexual activity with someone for payment.
Example: Examples might be an article on legislation on the age of consent, a film or book review, a report of a rape trial or on the policing of PROSTITUTION .
fr: la prostitution
reproduction
noun
The action or process of copying something.
Example: Perhaps the state provides public education solely in order to ensure the social REPRODUCTION of injustice and inequality.
fr: la reproduction
reproductive rights
noun
The legal rights and freedoms relating to reproduction and reproductive health that vary amongst countries around the world.
Example: In terms of their REPRODUCTIVE RIGHTS , women in developing countries face an uphill battle.
fr: droits reproductifs
second class citizen
noun phrase
A person belonging to a social or political group whose rights and opportunities are inferior to those of the dominant group in a society.
fr: citoyen de seconde classe
sex
noun
Chiefly with reference to people sexual activity, including specifically sexual intercourse.
Example: Last, this study traces how religious and regional values influenced Supreme Court decisions as well as state-level legal cases, and offers a framework for current discussions on religion and same-SEX marriage.
fr: sexe
sex work
noun
The provision of sexual services for money or goods.
fr: travail du sexe
sex worker
noun
Women, men and transgendered people who receive money or goods in exchange for sexual services.
Example: If SEX WORKER s were arrested and denied bail or the policemen requested a bribe for the release of a SEX WORKER , the women picketed outside the police precinct.".
fr: travailleur du sexe
sexual equality
noun
The state in which access to rights or opportunities is unaffected by gender.
Example: Despite the demands of this existence however, disdain for suburbia's perceived banality would contribute to the extensive activism for SEXUAL EQUALITY made prominent in the following decade.
fr: égalité sexuelle
sexual exploitation
noun
Sexual exploitation is an act or acts committed through non-consensual abuse or exploitation of another person's sexuality for the purpose of sexual gratification, financial gain, personal benefit or advantage, or any other non-legitimate purpose.
Example: There are those who take the view that "sex tourism, mail-order-brides and prostitution are variations on the theme of SEXUAL EXPLOITATION .".
fr: exploitation sexuelle
the right to vote
noun phrase
Suffrage or political franchise.
Example: Increasingly western politics removes feminism from its agenda considering female emancipation has been adequately achieved with THE RIGHT TO VOTE , work and other civil liberties having been awarded to women.
fr: le droit de vote
woman
noun
An adult human female.
Example: These legends became the standard explanation in the seventeenth century for how this lower class WOMAN was able to build a convent.
fr: femme